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How to fetch and display list of records in Lightning Component

How to fetch and display list of records in Lightning Component?

In this post we are going to create a basic lightning application which will have two lightning components. Before you begin going through this post kindly make sure that you have understanding of lightning components and how they work.

Salesforce Lightning Tutorial

A lightning component bundle is comprised of following resources.

  1. A UI component which provides a user interface to interact with the system.
  2. An Apex controller if you are making a server call from the UI component.
  3. A client side controller and helper to interact with the component at client side.

To begin the code we need to log in to the Salesforce org in lightning experience mode and then click on the Gear icon on the right side top corner and click on developer console.

Once the developer console opens, we first need to create a Lightning Application. We name this as testApp. The sole purpose of this lightning application is to test the lightning component we are going to create. We create lightning application because this is the only component which has a preview in the right side bar.

Salesforce Lightning Tutorial

To include the lightning design system CSS for this application we need to extend our application with force:slds, this one line code will include the required css for the whole application.

 

Below is the code of our raw  application

Salesforce Lightning Tutorial

Now to accomplish the task of displaying a list of contacts we need to first analyse that how we can decompose this request into small components. i.e. a list of record will have detail of a single record in each line. Therefore each line of record can be an individual component and can be repeated and iterated over till the end of records.

To begin with we need to understand that how many fields we are going to display for each record, for this example we are going to display contact name, account name of the contact and email address of the contact. So for this we are going to create a component which will have 3 aura attribute’s namely contactName, accountName and email.

We then use these attributes to display the contact as a tile for each record. We are naming the component as eachContactCard. Below is the code of the component.

<aura:component implements=”flexipage:availableForAllPageTypes,flexipage:availableForRecordHome,force:hasRecordId,forceCommunity:availableForAllPageTypes” access=”global” >

    <aura:attribute name=”contactName” type=”String” />

    <aura:attribute name=”accountName” type=”String” />

    <aura:attribute name=”email” type=”String” />    

  <div class=”demo-only” style=”width: 30rem;”>

    <article class=”slds-tile”>

        <h3 class=”slds-tile__title slds-truncate” title=”Contacts UX”><a href=”javascript:void(0);”>Contacts UX</a></h3>

        <div class=”slds-tile__detail”>

            <dl class=”slds-list_horizontal slds-wrap”>

                <dt class=”slds-item_label slds-text-color_weak slds-truncate” title=”First Label”>Contact Name:</dt>

                <dd class=”slds-item_detail slds-truncate” title=”Description for first label”>{!v.contactName}</dd>

                <dt class=”slds-item_label slds-text-color_weak slds-truncate” title=”Second Label”>Account Name:</dt>

                <dd class=”slds-item_detail slds-truncate” title=”Description for second label”>{!v.accountName}</dd>

                <dt class=”slds-item_label slds-text-color_weak slds-truncate” title=”Third Label”>Email:</dt>

                <dd class=”slds-item_detail slds-truncate” title=”Description for Third label”>{!v.email}</dd>           

                </dl>

    </div>

    </article>

  </div>

</aura:component>

 

Since this component will receive value of its attribute from the parent component, therefore we do not require any client side controller or server side controller for this component. Now we are going to create the parent component to hold and display the list of the contacts.

We are going to name this component as listOfContacts, this component will have attribute to hold a list of contacts and as this component is going to fetch records from server side we are going to mention the apex controller in this component and we also want to display the component therefore we create a client side controller and write an aura handler method which would run to initialise the component as shown below. We also create an aura iteration component which is going to iterate over the list of the contacts and will use the eachContactCard component to display each record. As shown below:

<aura:component controller=”fetchContactDetails” implements=”flexipage:availableForAllPageTypes” access=”global” >

    <aura:attribute name=”contactList” type=”contact[]” />

                <aura:handler name=”init” value=”{!this}” action=”{!c.doInit}” />   

     <aura:iteration items=”{!v.contactList}” var=”item”>

         <c:eachContactCard contactName=”{!item.Name}” accountName=”{!item.Account.Name}” email=”{!item.Email}”  />

         <br/>

    </aura:iteration>

</aura:component>

 

Apex Controller of this component is fetchContactDetails and its method fetchContactList returns the list of contacts, this method as it is going to be called in lightning component we have to declare this with annotation @AuraEnabled and any method which has @AuraEnabled attribute has to be declared as public static,  as shown below

public class fetchContactDetails {   

    @AuraEnabled

    public static list<Contact> fetchContactList(){

        return [select Id, name, Account.name, Email from contact limit 10];             

    }

}

The client side controller which displays the list of contact, in this controller we have declared a method doInit. This method calls the method declared in Apex controller and sets the view tiem value of the contactList attribute at the run time as shown below.

({

                doInit : function(component, event, helper) {

                                var action = component.get(“c.fetchContactList”);       

        action.setCallback(this, function(data){

            component.set(“v.contactList”,data.getReturnValue());

        });       

        $A.enqueueAction(action);

                }

})

 

Once you have created all the components then change the lightning application code as shown below

<aura:application extends=”force:slds” >

    <c:listOfContacts />

</aura:application>

 

Then click on the preview button to display the list of contacts.

Salesforce Lightning Tutorials

 

Happy Coding……

Also, Have a look at the below resources:

  1. Best Salesforce Interview Questions book with Apex and Visualforce concept explained

Also, Have a look at the below learning resources:

  1. SOQL (Salesforce Object Query Language)

  2. Apex Trigger Best Practices and the Trigger Framework

  3. Salesforce Interview Question and Answers Part 2

  4. Salesforce Interview Questions on Test Class

  5. Salesforce-lightning-interview-questions-2018

     6. Salesforce Interview Questions Batch Class 

About Sumit Datta

Sumit Datta
I am a 3x Certified Salesforce developer with overall 5 years of IT experience and 3 years of Implementation experience in Salesforce. I am here to share my knowledge and help Beginners in Salesforce to understand the concepts of Apex, Visualforce, Salesforce Lightning and Salesforce Configuration.

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